Both one and two stage revision of fracture related infection (FRI) have a high reinfection rate, especially for infections caused by bacteria resistant to antibiotics. We have previously shown that a vancomycin and gentamicin-containing hydrogel (THH) was shown to treat MRSA-infected sheep in a two-stage exchange of an IM nail.
The goal of this study was to determine if the locally applied antibiotic may be effective in a one-stage procedure when compared with current gold standard, antibiotic loaded bone cement.
All sheep that completed treatment were cured of deep implant related osteomyelitis as demonstrated in the figure below. Two sheep receiving the THH and one sheep receiving PMMA had low levels of MRSA isolated in the soft tissue and/or bone at the inoculation site, indicative of superficial infection.