AO Surgery Reference

Step-by-step surgical procedures and clinical reports

Developed by some of the most renown experts in the field, AO Surgery Reference is based on AO principles and acts as your portal of reference during your clinical work.

AO Surgery Reference Spine modules


  • Occipitocervical
  • Subaxial cervical
  • Thoracic and Lumbar
  • Sacropelvic


  • Scheuermann kyphosis
  • Scoliosis
  • Spondylolisthesis


  • Metastatic tumor

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Videos and webinars

Digital teaching and learning material, live-webcasts, and event coverage for educational purposes.


MISS teaching and learning material

Access our surgical teaching and learning material on Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery (MISS).

“This indispensable app puts the cumulative knowledge of expert surgeons in the palm of your hand through your smartphone or tablet.”

Luiz Vialle, General Editor, AO Surgery Reference