3.5mm TPLO Plate with Advanced Radial Compression (ARC)

Michael Kowaleski, William B Saunders, Erik Asimus, Alexis Bilmont, Loïc Déjardin

The DePuy Synthes TPLO System is meticulously designed for stabilizing osteotomies of the canine proximal tibia, ensuring stable fixation and reliable healing. Developed in collaboration with and approved by the AO Technical Commission, the ARC TPLO plate comprises two 3.5 mm plates, for both left and right applications.

This innovative system is engineered to deliver precise compression across the osteotomy, leveraging specialized compression holes along the shaft. This targeted compression not only fosters direct bone healing but also bolsters resistance against potential rock-back failures. Moreover, it streamlines the contour of the proximal plate and optimizes screw placements, reducing the necessity for plate contouring while ensuring dependable locking screw positioning. The design features a consistent locking interface between the plate and the locking screws, reinforcing stability and integrity.

The accompanying array of specialized instruments, including drill guides, TPLO jigs, saw guides, and saw blades, facilitates surgical execution, versatile implant positioning, pinpoint accuracy in osteotomy location, and guided stability of the saw blade.

The ARC TPLO plate stands out for its continuous, precisely directed compression across the osteotomy site. Notably, the proximal section of the ARC TPLO plate is slightly angled in a more caudal direction to accommodate diverse patient anatomies. Furthermore, the trajectories of proximal locking screws are designed to steer clear of the articular surface while engaging the central mass of the proximal tibia, ensuring optimal fixation and stability.

The currently available DePuy Synthes 3.5mm TPLO plate is generally applied at a slight angle relative to the mechanical axis of the tibia. While this has proven to be an ideal angle from a compression standpoint, there may be instances where the distal most screw is close to the cranial cortex of the tibia and the third most distal screw is close to the caudal cortex. In the extreme these screw locations could cause increased bone stress in those regions.

The newly innovated implant, 3.5mm TPLO with Advanced Radial Compression (ARC), locates these screws closer to the center of the bone while preserving the clinically proven angle of compression.

TPLO ARC Technology

The ARC TPLO plate provides continuous, controlled, and directed compression across the osteotomy via a unique system of holes that serves to translate and rotate the plate simultaneously during compression. The resultant direction of compression has been designed to match that of the DPS standard TPLO plate, which is clinically proven to provide excellent healing and improved resistance to rock back.

Additionally, the proximal section of the ARC TPLO plate is more caudally oriented to provide better anatomical fit on some patients.
And as with all DPS TPLO plates, the proximal locking screw trajectories are designed to avoid the articular surface and engage the central mass of the proximal tibia.

System content and description

The ARC TPLO plate comprises two 3.5 mm plates, for both left and right applications.

Case 1: Bentley Hoe, male neutered Golden Retriever, 32 kg

(Case provided by Alexis Bilmont, West Midlands, England)

A 32-kg male neutered Golden Retriever presented with a recent deterioration of chronic right hind limb lameness. Physical examination revealed a cranial cruciate ligament rupture.

A standard TPLO was performed via a medial approach. The 3.5 ARC TPLO plate provided a good fit to the proximal tibia anatomy with improved screw placement in both the proximal and distal screws. In addition, the design of the ARC hole improved the degree of compression of the osteotomy.

Follow-up x-rays at 8 weeks postoperatively revealed stable implants, stable bone segments, and healing of the osteotomy. The clinical outcome was satisfactory.

Case 2: Rosie, 3 years old black Labrador, 23.3 kg

(Case provided by William B Saunders, Texas, USA)

A 23.3 kg three-year-old spayed female black Labrador presented with an acute non-weight bearing lameness of three-week duration that occurred after running and making water retrievals.

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