AO Spine and Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery (MISS)

Explore the AO Spine MISS resources

Minimally invasive spine surgery is a suite of technology-dependent techniques and procedures that reduces local operative tissue damage and systemic surgical stress enabling earlier return to function striving for better outcomes than traditional techniques. 

Studies show many advantages for MISS over conventional surgery.

AO Spine MISS courses cover all types of minimally invasive spine procedures through tubular retractors, lateral and anterior approaches, and endoscopic procedures. They cover degenerative processes, lumbar spinal stenosis, disc herniation, spondylolisthesis, and many other pathologies that you deal with in your busy practices.

Find all upcoming AO Spine MISS courses here.

AO Spine MISS Spectrum Series online course

The AO Spine MISS Spectrum Series is a comprehensive learning experience for practicing surgeons who have little to no skills in MISS, fellows in an orthopedic or neurosurgery spine program, and residents in their final years who will specialize in spine surgery.

The course is developed and taught by the AO Spine MISS Task Force experts, global leaders in this field.

AO Spine MISS resources

AO Surgery Reference degenerative spine modules

Based on current clinical principles, practices, and available evidence and support spine surgeons’ day-to-day treatment, planning, learning, and teaching.

MISS courses and events

Find upcoming AO Spine MISS courses and events in your region and beyond.

MISS curriculum

The curriculum supports our faculty to design their MISS events based on competencies and aimed at specific target audiences.

An extraordinary webinar series

The extraordinary MISS sessions videos are available exclusively to AO Spine members. Please log in to watch. Not a member yet? Find all exclusive members privileges and join here.

MISS fusion: MIS TLIF vs. Lateral approaches

Presenters: Avelino Parajon and Paul Taylor
Moderators: Roger Härtl and Nestor Taboada

Cervical spine MISS: Anterior vs. Posterior

Presenters: Richard Assaker and JinSung Kim
Moderators: Christoph Hofstetter and Paul Taylor

"Over-the-top” MISS decompression: Endoscope vs. Microscope

Presenters: Christoph Hofstetter and Muhammed Assous
Moderators: Roger Härtl and Richard Assaker

The AO Spine MISS Task Force

Roger Härtl, Task Force Leader, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, United States

Richard Assaker, Centre Hospitalier Regional Universitaire, Lille, France

Mohammed Assous, AO Spine Spine Center and Fellowship Officer Middle East, Razi Spine Clinic, Amman, Jordan

Christoph Hofstetter, University of Washington, Seattle, United States

JinSung Kim, Seoul St Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Avelino Parajon, Hospital Universitario, Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, Spain

Néstor Taboada, UNIMEC, Barranquilla, Columbia

Paul Taylor, Spines WA, Perth, Australia

You might also be interested in:

MISS videos and webinars

Explore AO’s videos, webinars, and recorded events on MISS. Available to members only.

How do you do ULBD?

An AO funded study shows high-fidelity training simulators improve skills and confidence in minimally invasive lumbar decompression.

MISS assets for AO Spine faculty

MISS teaching videos and surgical manuals.

The Global Spine Network

The recorded webinars and videos are just one of many valuable AO Spine membership offerings.